___Scholarly Publications (and INTRO)


Download my CV: CV & Publications _ Max Ryynänen _ 07052024


I am a Helsinki-based scholar, born 1972 – and writer. I work as Principal Lecturer (a life-long honorary track position, based on distinguished teaching merits) at Aalto University’s school of ARTS, at the Department of Art and Media, where I teach MA and doctoral students. One could call me a generalist, and, yes, I feel a bit homeless in every field, but if I had to choose 6 tags for my scholarly work, they would (in this order) be aesthetics, philosophy, cultural studies, art research, film studies, and idea history. But I am also interested in e.g. heritage, body philosophy, excess, kitsch, popular culture and rap music.

I have professional history in performing arts, gallery management (ROR Gallery, Kallio Kunsthalle, Gallery KLEIN), critique, essays, fiction and art writing (e.g. Kunstkritikk, Flash Art, Art Pulse) – with some sporadic takes also on e.g. food (see a note on my still quite fresh food book Mechelinin tähtiä, in Finnish).

Theoretically or methodologically speaking, I work in the crossroads of (German) phenomenology, Italian hermeneutics, the Frankfurt School, pragmatist aesthetics, echoes of the Birmingham School of cultural studies, East European semiotics  and Indian philosophy – without forgetting the ‘queminist’, race and class sensitive touch that quite naturally lands in nearly every text, echoing my background: I am not from the middle class and my immigrant childhood in ‘multicultural’ environments like Rinkeby Stockholm (working class cosmopolitanism) left traces.

Especially my book On The Philosophy of Central European Art: The History of an Institution and its Global Competitors (Lexington Books, Rowman & Littlefield 2020), an introduction to the birth and development of the concept of art and the art system in Central Europe, its global outreach through colonialism and diaspora – including an analysis of the way highbow art has appropriated‘ folk’ art and popular culture – has a societal outreach. My latest book, Bodily Engagements with Film, Images and Tech: Somavision (Routledge, 2022) is a journey into film, social media, photo documentation and other contemporary media practices from the point of view of the soma (body-mind). Fall 2023 Routledge published mine and Jozef Kovalcik’s A Philosophy of Cultural Scenes in Art and Popular Culture, which is about scenes, i.e. rap scenes, theater scenes and music scenes, and what they are, culturally and aesthetically speaking. My next book, Realism, Myth, and the Vernacular in Pasolini’s Film and Philosophy: Beyond the Middle Class Matrix, which will be published by Palgrave August 2024, is on the societal, philosophical, one could say nearly ‘aesthetic’ side of Pier Paolo Pasolini’s lifework. Right now I am preparing my book about the aesthetics of martial arts (and martial arts movies) and editing a book on Gianni Vattimo’s philosophy (more on this soon).

Lately I have also e.g. edited the  volumes Art, Excess, and Education (Palgrave 2019; with Kevin Tavin and Mira Kallio-Tavin) and Aesthetics in Dialogue (Peter Lang 2019; with Zoltan Somhegyi). Aesthetics Perspectives on Culture, Politics, Landscape: Appearance of the Political, co-edited with Elisabetta Di Stefano and Carsten Friberg came out summer 2022 (Springer, June 2022), as well as Cultural Approaches to Disgust and the Visceral (Routledge, co-edited with Susanne Ylönen and Heidi Kosonen, August 2022). The Changing Meaning of Kitsch, which I edited with Paco Barragan, was published February 2023. 2023 I also published with Zoltan Somhegyi (eds.) Aesthetic Theory Across The Disciplines (Rowman and Littlefield).

Topic-wise I have worked on e.g. film, moving image, contemporary art, body philosophy, appropriation, urban aesthetics, architectural heritage, disgust, aesthetic experience, media, pop, kitsch, rasa theory and critical perspectives on the art system art. Lately I seem to have been drifting also into more general questions in philosophy (robotics, Marxism). As a reader, right now, I am very much into philosophical thinking in e.g. Sufism, ancient India, pre-modern Japan and the (geographical, linguistic, educational) European margins.

I am PhD in aesthetics from the University of Helsinki (2009). As adjunct professor (docent) of aesthetics in the same university, of aesthetic culture at the University of Eastern Finland, and of popular culture and contemporary aesthetics at Jyväskylä University, and ex Chair of the Finnish Society for Aesthetics (2014-2018), ex member of the board of the International Association of Aesthetics (2014-2018), and now member of the board of the Nordic Society for Aesthetics, I have naturally published articles on ‘pure’ philosophy of art, e.g. in journals like Contemporary Aesthetics (another one here, one here too), Nordic Journal of AestheticsJournal of Somaesthetics and Terra Aesthetica, but most of my work is still semi-practical, essayistic or something which you could refer to as applied aesthetics or extended aesthetics, which extends aesthetics into other fields. I mainly like publishing books, taking on a topic holistically, and journals serve more as platforms In Finnish I have published essay books (on ice hockey and film) and in art magazines (Filmihullu, Art Pulse, Flash Art, Atlantica Internacional, Kunstkritikk) I have published philosophical interviews and theoretical essays.

I am the (founder and) editor-in-chief of Popular Inquiry: The Journal of Kitsch, Camp and Mass Culture together with Jozef Kovalcik. With Richard Shusterman and Falk Heinrich I was 3 years the editor of The Journal of Somaesthetics, and I still continue on the advisory board of the journal. I am also on the international advisory board of ESPES, The Journal of Global Popular Culture, the Finnish journal for art education Research in Arts and Education (2018-), Journal of Ecohumanism (2021) and Nuova antropologia filosofica – and an ex board member in The Nordic Journal of Aesthetics (2002-2005), Terra Aestheticae (2019-2022), Aesthetica Universalis (2017-2022) and the Finnish journal for artistic research Ruukku (2017-2019).



Realism, Myth, and the Vernacular in Pasolini’s Film and Philosophy: Beyond the Middle Class Matrix (New York: PalgraveMacMillan, 2024).

“Pioneers, Postmodernisms and Aesthetic Experience: A Brief History of Aesthetic Approaches to Rap Music,” with Petteri Enroth, for Richard Bramwell, ed., Cambridge Companion to Global Rap (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, est. 2024).

“Aesthetics of Popular Culture as Everyday Aesthetics: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives,” in Applying Aesthetics to Everyday Life: Methodologies, History, and New Directions, edited by Lisa Giombini and Adrian Kvovacka (London – New York: Bloomsbury, est. 2023), 53-64.

“Questioning Heritage,” with Ksenia Kaverina, for Companion to the Philosophy of Architectural Reconstruction, edited by Lisa Giombini and Zoltan Somhegyi (New York: Routledge, 2023).


With Elena Romagnoli, Stefano Marino, Aurosa Allison and Falk Heinrich, “Somaesthetics and Methodology: A Dialogue,” The Journal of Somaesthetics 2023:1-2, 61-107. 

Aesthetic Theory Across the Disciplines, eds. Max Ryynänen & Zoltan Somhegyi (New York: Rowman & Littlefield, est. fall 2023). Authors include e.g. Tyrus Miller, Wendy Steiner, Lisa Giombini, Paul Duncum and Joseph Tanke. My own article “Aesthetics and Cultural Studies” focuses on the relation of these two disciplines. All articles are about the relationship of aesthetics and some other discipline.

A Philosophy of Cultural Scenes in Art and Popular Culture was just (August 2023) published by Routledge (New York). Take a look at the description here and/or buy the book! This is the first book on the aesthetics of scenes, not just a take on what they are, but their artistic impact!

The Changing Meaning of Kitsch, ed. with Paco Barragan. New York: Palgrave, est. Jan 2023 – including our so far richest introduction ever written to the topic, “Kitsch, From Rejection to Acceptance: On the Changing Meaning of Kitsch in Today’s Cultural Production” (with Paco Barragan). Authors include e.g. Kathleen Higgins, Alison Rowley and Andrea Mecacci.

Equipment as Art, Art as Equipment: Notes on Film, Architecture, and Martin Heidegger’s Philosophy of Culture,” with Petteri Kummala, Contemporary Aesthetics (2023).

Longing for a Place Which Does Not Exist: The Importance of Kitsch in the Estonian Singing Revolution,” with Eret Talviste, The Journal of Baltic Studies 2023/1, 1-23.

A New Twenties: Notes on Instagram and the Return of the Centrality of
Montage and Slapstick in Contemporary Moving Image,” in Popular Inquiry 2023: 1, 27-38.


Bodily Engagements with Film, Images, and Technology: Somavision. New York: Routledge, 2022.

Cultural Approaches to Disgust and the Visceral, ed. with Susanne Ylönen & Heidi Kosonen. New York: Routledge, 2022. Open access here! Includes mine, Ylönen’s and Kosonen’s Introduction.

Aesthetic Perspectives on Culture, Politics, and Landscape, ed. with Elisabetta Di Stefano and Carsten Friberg. Berlin: Springer, 2021. Includes my article “Political Concepts as Aesthetic Concepts,” and texts by the other editors, Katya Mandoki, Margus Vihalem, Mateusz Salwa and Majid Heidari. Includes also mine, Di Stefano’s and Friberg’s Introduction.

Why Preserve? Questioning Central European Ethnicity, Appropriation, and Preserving Buildings; Or, Curating (In) Decay“, with Ksenia Kaverina, Nordic Journal of Aesthetics Vol 31, No. 63 (2022/1): 26-43.

Updating Artes Vulgares,” for the special issue on Richard Shusterman’s Ars Erotica, ed. Eli Kramer, Eidos: A Journal for Philosophy of Culture Vol 5, 2021/4: 129-132.

“Living Beauty, Rethinking Rap: Revisiting Shusterman’s Philosophy of Hip Hop,” in Jerold Abrams, ed., Shusterman’s Somaesthetics: From Hip Hop Philosophy to Politics and Performance Art (Leiden: Brill, 2022), 74-85.

Well-Construed Examples: A Shy Note on Arnold Berleant’s Environmental Aesthetics,” Popular Inquiry 2022: 1, Special Issue: Liber Amicorum for Arnold Berleant, eds. Madalina Diaconu and Max Ryynänen, 157-162.

“Kitsch,” in Valery Vinogradovs (ed.), Aesthetic Literacy: A book for everyone, 152-153. Melbourne: Mont Publishing.

Highbrow Somaesthetics of Sex,” a review on Richard Shusterman’s Ars Erotica, ESPES 2022: 1, 171-174.


“Väline taideteoksena, taideteos välineenä: Viihteen ja taiteen välitiloja Martin Heideggerin tuotannon valossa,” [Equipment as Work of Art, Work of Art as Equipment: In-Betweens of Entertainment and Art in Margin Heidegger’s Philosophy], niin & näin 2021: 4, 25-31.

“Can The (Non-)Subaltern (Understand) Rap? Rap as Vernacular Critical Theory,” Journal of Asia-Pacific Pop Culture, 2021/6, 213-229. Special issue: Contemporary Popular Culture and Social Criticism, guest eds, Valentina Antoniol & Samir Gandesha & Stefano Marino.

Is Most Marxist Art (And ‘Activism’) Actually Social Democratic? And if so, what should art (and design) universities do about it?,” Research in Arts and Education 2021: 2, 81-94.

Somaesthetics and Phenomenology – A Handful of Notes.” In the special issue of The Journal of Somaesthetics: Somaesthetics and Phenomenology (edited by me), Vol 7, 2021: 1, 4-14.

Mario Perniola, the Dank Humanities, and the Role of the Philosopher in Contemporary Culture.” Ágalma: Rivista di studi culturali e di estetica fondata da Mario Perniola, 2021/May, 123-131.

“Review: Educating Bodies, Educating Streets (Richard Shusterman, ed, Bodies in the Street: The Somaesthetics of City Life)”, The Journal of Aesthetic Education, Vol 5, No 2, Summer 2021: 115-121.

Review: James O. Young, Radically Rethinking Copyright in the Arts“, for The British Journal of Aesthetics.

Making Sense of ‘Tropical’ Kitsch.” With Anna-Sofia Sysser. Contemporary Aesthetics, Vol 19, 2021.

Learning From DRE: Teaching Aesthetics and Art Theory to Artists (like an executive producer.”  The Journal of Aesthetics and Comparative Literature, Vol 44, 2021: 1, 27-33.



On The Philosophy of Central European Art: The History of an Institution and its Global Competitors. Lexington Books (Rowman & Littlefield), 2020.

Editor, together with Riikka Perälä, of the Journal of Somaesthetics 2020/2, Unhealthy and Dangerous Lifestyles – and the Care of the Self, including the Introduction/Editorial (p. 4-9).

“Eat Your Heart Out: Peripheric Interpretation – Or How Films Penetrate Our Body”. In Esteticky Zbornik: Estetika centra a periferie, edited by Michaela Pašteková and Martin Kanuch, 108-124. Bratislava: Slovenská asociácia pre estetiku, 2020.

“Rethinking Art Education: The Art School Theory Teacher as an Executive Producer”. In Slavka Kopackova, ed, Estetická výchova a prax vyučovania estetiky v kontextoch európskeho estetického myslenia 19. a 20. storočia – dialóg s tradíciou a súčasné koncepcie. Presov: Presov University Press, 2020. 262-272.

Aesthetics in Dialogue: Applying Philosophy of Art in a Global World. Ed. with Zoltan Somhegyi. 2nd editor. Berlin: Peter Lang, 2020. The book also includes my article “Rasa Industry” (95-106), which discusses today’s TV series through ancient Indian theatre theories. Other authors include e.g. Katya Mandoki, Kathleen Higgins, Yuriko Saito and Tyrus Miller.

Elävää kauneutta: Kulttuurin kierrätyksestä ja vanhojen teosten uudelleenlämmittämisestä (sekä muista Richard Shustermanin varhaisen rap-estetiikan kulmakivistä,” in Sini Mononen, Janne Palkisto, Inka Rantakallio (eds), Musiikki ja merkityksenanto (Helsinki: Suoni, 2020), 237-254.

“Death Style, The Ultimate Expression of a Lifestyle: A Sketch for a Popular Futurology and Art Education for Funerals”, in Art Communication and Pop Culture 2019: 1-2, 6-17.

Notes on the Yellow Press (and its Impact on Art). A Sketchy Return to the Mass Culture Debate.” Aesthetica Universalis, 2020: 1, 151-174.

& Jozef Kovalcik, “Gazing at the Invisible: How Can Aesthetic Theory Help Make Sense of the State of Emergency Initiated by Covid-19?” In Popular Inquiry 2020: 2, 3-5.

“Kitsch Happens: On the Kitsch Experience of Nature.” In ESPES 2019: 2, 10-16.



Art, Excess, and Education: Historical and Discursive Contexts. (3rd) Ed. with Kevin Tavin & Mira Kallio-Tavin. (2019.) New York: Palgrave. “Introduction” (Tavin, Kallio-Tavin, Ryynänen), pp. 1-18, and by me only “Sending Chills Up My Spine: Somatic Film and the Care of the Self“, pp. 183-197.

“From Haunted Ruin to the Most Touristified of All Cities.” In Jeanette Bicknell, Jennifer Judkins & Carolyn Korsmeyer (eds) (2019), Philosophical Perspectives on Ruins, Monuments and Memorials, pp. 157-165. London: Routledge.

Downgrading with Style: Middle Class Anxiety and the Aesthetic Performance of Role Distance“. Poetics 2019: 1 (Feb), 43-53. Together with Jarkko Pyysiäinen (who is here author 1).

Guest Editor with Jozef Kovalcik for The Journal of Somaesthetics: Body First – Somaesthetics and Popular Culture (2019: 1). The issue includes my texts: “Introduction” (with Jozef Kovalcik), pp. 4-5, and the article “Under the Skin: Notes on the Aesthetics of Distance and Visual Culture”, pp. 85-93

“Rasafication: The Aesthetic Manipulation of our Everyday”. The Journal of Comparative Literature and Aesthetics 2019/1 (Spring), Vol 42 , pp. 165-169.

“A Handful of Takes on the Body.”  Review. The Journal of Somaesthetics. Vol 4, 2019: 2, pp. 96-99, Special Issue: Somaesthetics and Technology. (Richard Shusterman (ed), Aesthetic Experience and Somaesthetics).



The Art Scenes.” Contemporary Aesthetics, Vol 16, 2018. (Co-written with Jozef Kovalcik.)

“Contemporary Kitsch: The Death of Pseudo Art and the Birth of Everyday Cheesiness (A Postcolonial Inquiry),” Terra Aestheticae, Vol I (Theoria), 2018: 1, 70-86.

Learning from Decay: Aesthetics of Architectural Disintegration, with Zoltan Somhegyi (co-written), Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang, 2018.

“Low Theory and Crazy White Men: An Interview with Jack Halberstam.” Popular Inquiry, Vol 2, Spring 2018, 2-9.



“Rock me Amadeus: Aesthetics and the Highbrow Appropriation of Lowbrow.” In Zoltan Somhegyi (ed), Yearbook of the International Association for Aesthetics. Sharjah: IAA, 2017. 186-196.

“Aesthetics of Distance.” Aleksi Malmberg & Annukka Vähäsöyrinki (eds). Home Re-assembled. On Art, Destruction & Belonging. Rotterdam: Jap Sam Books, 2017.

Chopin’s Heart: The Somatic Stimulation of Our Experience of Thingness in Everyday Popular Culture.” In Carsten Friberg & Raine Vasquez (eds), Heterologies of the Everyday. Copenhagen (Nordic Summer University Press, 2017, 190-205.)



“Margins of Aesthetics.” With Jozef Kovalcik. In Contemporary Aesthetics 2016 (Vol 14).


“Throwing the Body into the Fight: The Body as an Instrument in Political Art.” The Journal of Somaesthetics 2015: 1. Vol 1: Somaesthetics and Visual Art. 108-121.

New Laokoon. On Dramaturgization or Dramaturgy as the Key to Understand the Role of the Artist Today.” In New Dramaturgy – New Dramaturge II. Ed. Vladislava Fekete. The Theatre Institute, Bratislava, 2015. 56-62.

“Teaching as a Work of Art.” With Taina Rajanti and Pia Euro. In Teija Löytönen (ed). Synnyt/Births (Finnish Journal for Art Education) 2015: 2. 41-61.


Aesthetics of Popular Culture. Ed. with Jozef Kovalcik. Bratislava: Slovart Publishing. 2014.
* “A History of Aesthetics of Popular Culture” with Jozef Kovalcik. 14-49.
* “The High, the Low, and the Weak. An Interview with Gianni Vattimo”. 234-240.
* “Pragmatism and Popular Culture. An Interview with Richard Shusterman” with Jozef Kovalcik. 228-233.

From Pragmatism to Fusion Philosophy.” Review. Nordic Journal of Aesthetics: 2014: 2. 149-156.

Taidejalkapallo.” In Sokrateen syöksypusku. Eds Mikael Melan & Jussi Saarinen. Jyväskylä: Docendo, 2014. 128-139. [Art Soccer.]


Elokuva, rakastettuni! [Film, mon amour!] Turku: Savukeidas, 2013.


“Institutional Stress. When Bureaucracy Replaces Art.” Art Pulse. Spring 2012.

“Traveling alone? Ideas for a (better) future aesthetics of touring.” In Johanna Hammarberg & Martina Marti (eds): Touring in Scandinavia and the Baltics: Bridging Regional and International Perspectives. Helsinki: Baltic Circle / Tekijä. 8-11.

”Pakko nauraa. Camp korkeakulttuurina ja lasikattona”. [Forced Entertainment. Camp as high culture and glass ceiling.] Nuori Voima 2012: 4. 38-41.

Roskamaali. Jääkiekon estetiikkaa ja kulttuurifilosofiaa.  [Garbage Goal. Aesthetics and Cultural Philosophy of Ice Hockey.] Turku: Savukeidas.


“Art and Education – or the dark side of pedagogy. A dialogue.” With Christiana Galanopoulou. Synnyt/Origins. Finnish Studies on Art. 2011 September. 1-16.


“Estetiska debatter inom ishockeyvärlden.” Ed. Valdemar Lindekrantz. Sudden Death. Bilder av ishockey. 16-21. Göteborg: Scopium, 2009.

Learning from Venice. What a unique city can teach about the aesthetics. PhD dissertation. Helsinki: University of Helsinki, e-thesis series.

“Euroopan (museo)ryöstö, vanhan taiteen paikkasidonnaisuus ja digitaalinen vallankumous – Museofilosofiaa uudelle ajalle.” Kuriositeettikabi.net 2009: 1.


“The Role of the Festival Audience”. In Johanna Hammarberg (ed) Theatre Festival Dictionary. Helsinki: Baltic Circle.

”Estetiska debatter inom ishockeyvärlden.” Ny TidKontur 2008: 2. 4-5.

Pinkkiä posliinia. Kitschin nykyhetki, oppaana Jeff Koons..” Toim. Seppo Knuuttila & Ulla Piela. Kansanestetiikka. Kalevalaseuran vuosikirja 87. 43-52. Helsinki: Kalevalaseura, 2008.


“Silloin kolahti!” Parnasso 2007: 3. 26-31.

Oskillaation massakulttuuri. Gianni Vattimo et al nykyaikaa etsimässä.” Synteesi2007: 1. 59-80.

“Lopputyön teoreettisen osan ohjaamisen erityisongelmia taideyliopistoissa.” Synnyt2007: 2. 54-61.


Liikkuminen ja liikenne Venetsian estetiikassa” Toim. Arto Haapala & Ossi Naukkarinen. Mobiiliestetiikka. Kirjoituksia liikkeen ja liikkumisen kulttuurista. Kansainvälisen soveltavan estetiikan raportteja no 3. 157-174. Lahti: Kansainvälinen soveltavan estetiikan instituutti, 2006.

Nobrow.” Toim. Yrjänä Levanto & Ossi Naukkarinen & Susann Vihma. Taiteistuminen. 155-163. Helsinki: TAIK, 2006.

“Kätilö kasvattajana ja kasvatettavana. Teorian opettamisesta taiteilijoille” Synnyt. Taidekasvatuksen tiedonala 2006: 4. 34-40.

”Ajatuksia sodan ja terrorismin estetiikasta”. Kanava 2005: 6. 392-393.


Learning from VeniceContemporary Aesthetics, Special Volume 1 (2005): Aesthetics and Mobility.

Nobrow. Nordic Journal of Aesthetics. 2005 (32). 86-98.

Umberto Eco: James Joyce, Teräsmies ja vesinokkaeläin. Helsinki: Yliopistopaino, 2005. 258 s. Ed. with Tarja Knuuttila. Contributors: Eero Tarasti, Hannu Riikonen, Jan Blomstedt, Harri Veivo, Klaus Brax, Erna Oesch, Tarja Knuuttila, Max Ryynänen.

– ”Ainakin 4 Ecoa” (with Tarja Knuuttila), 7-18
– “Umberto Eco kitschin ja massakulttuurin estetiikasta”, 102-127
– “Arvoitus nimeltään Umberto Eco. Ugo Vollin haastattelu.”, 231-259


The Double Life of Jeff Koons’ Made in Heaven Glass ArtworksNordic Journal of Aesthetics. 2004 (29-30). 99-111.

“Tutkijan roolista ja julkisesta keskustelusta.” Tiedepolitiikka 2004: 4, 53-57.


“La experiencia estética del 11 e septiembre / The aesthetic experience of the september 11th”.  Atlántica Internacional, Verano 2003, pp. 133-135.

”John Deweyn estetiikka.” Synteesi 2003: 4, 10-22.

”Venetsialaisia eskatologioita”. Kulttuurintutkimus 2003: 3, 45-52.

”Filosofihaastatteluiden filosofiaa pragmatistisen nykyestetiikan 10-vuotispäivän aattona. Richard Shustermanin haastattelu.”

Synteesi 2003: 4, 23-27. http://www.artsandletters.fau.edu/humanitieschair/finnish-interview.pdf


”Terrorism and Aesthetic Experience (or take a cigar, Buddy!)” On Khaled Ramadan’s work. Ed. Marita Muukkonen. ArTErrorIsm. Poster inside the book.
Helsinki: NIFCA, 2002. http://www.nifca.org/2006/publications/2002/ramadan/2003_03_31.html

Ecoistin elämää. Mini-esseitä Umberto Econ 70-vuotissyntymäpäivien kunniaksi.Synteesi 2002: 1. 80-107. Toim. Tarja Knuuttilan kanssa. Kirjoittajat: Jaakko Hintikka, Oiva Kuisma, Jan Blomstedt, Harri Veivo, Erna Oesch, Klaus Brax, Tarja Knuuttila ja Max Ryynänen.

– ”Massakulttuuri, alemmat taiteet ja kulttuurihierarkiat.” 85-87.

”Jeff Koonsin Made in Heaven –lasitaideteosten ontologinen kaksoiselämä.” Synteesi 2002: 4, 58-66.

”Konst, kitsch och kvasi-kitsch.”  Ny Tid 2002: 49. 6-7.


“Umberto Eco, televisio ja kitsch.” Filmihullu 2001: 6, 19-20.

”Henry Parland ja elokuvataide.” Filmihullu 2001: 3, 18-23.

”Kitschens nya syndabockar” Ny Tid 2001: 11, 8-10. http://www.nytid.fi/arkiv/artikelnt-684-1667.html


”Kitschgeneraattorit – toinen sukupolvi”.  Taide 2000: 6. 18-21.

”Massakulttuuri in Memoriam.”  Kuva 2000: 2. 28-31.


”Taiteet puntarissa: Richard Shusterman, taide ja populaaritaide” Taide 1998: 3. 44-45.

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